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17 June: World Day against Desertification and Drought… Great concern about the risks!!

The third of the territories of Greece is subjected to high potential risk of 'desertification', according to research UNO…..

Until the 2025 estimated 1,8 billions people will experience absolute drought and 2/3 the world will live under pressure regarding their needs for water. Until the 2045, about 135 million people could be displaced from their homes.

All because of desertification, παγκόσμιου φαινομένου που επηρεάζει τα μέσα διαβίωσης 900 millions people on five continents and represents one third of global threats Biodiversity.

This slow natural hazard with considerable socio-economic and environmental effects that cause more deaths and displace more people by any other natural disaster, as highlighted by scientists on the occasion of this World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought.

Desertification is a result of land degradation cycle, that transforms fertile soils into barren, as a consequence of overfishing from intensive agriculture, forest exploitation for fuel and timber and grazing. From the food we eat, until the clothes we wear and the homes we live in - everything from land resources.

The problem of desertification is not new- It played an important role in human history, contributing to the collapse of several great empires and the displacement of local populations. It is a universal and timeless issue, with serious consequences for biodiversity, ecological safety, eliminate poverty, socio-economic stability and sustainable development.

in numbers

  • About 2,6 billion people depend directly on agriculture, but 52% land used for agriculture is affected moderately or severely affected by land degradation.
  • Due to drought and desertification, 120 million. acres lost each year (230 acres per minute). Within a year, could be developed 20 million tons of grain.
  • The 74% the poor are directly affected by land degradation worldwide.
  • From 8.300 animal species, 8% disappear and 22% they are in danger of extinction.
  • Over 80% of human food supplied by plants. Only three cereal crops -the rice, maize and wheat- provide 60% energy intake.
  • The 80% people living in rural areas in developing countries rely on traditional herbal medicines for their primary health care.

This year the anniversary falls on the 25birthday signing the Convention United Nations to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and celebrating 25 years of progress of countries on sustainable land management, while turning his gaze to the future and provides the image for the next 25 years.

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