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Coronavirus : Questions and answers EFET for coronavirus

As part of the preventive measures taken by the government to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 in country, EFET inform consumers and food companies for the following:……..
– What we know so far about the disease COVID-19 respiratory system associated with the new virus SARS-CoV-2;

According to what we know so far, new viral respiratory COVID-19 due to system contamination by a new type of coronavirus, of SARS-CoV-2. The transmission modes of COVID-19 are closely related to that of other known coronavirus. Different types of coronavirus usually cause colds conventional people. Still other coronavirus, such as the SARS coronavirus and MERS have occurred in the past and have led to serious breathing problems. The main target organs of human coronavirus are the organs of the respiratory system. The most important method of transmission is “infection with droplets”, by which the coronavirus is transferred from humans or animals into air droplets and then inhaled. also, pathogens in the hands can enter through the mucosa of the nose, mouth or eyes, and lead to infection.

– There are other possible ways of transmission;

Currently there are no cases have shown that people infected with the new type of coronavirus otherwise, such as through the consumption of contaminated food or through contact with contaminated objects. There are also known for other coronaviruses reports on infections due to food or contact with dry surfaces. The transmission surfaces newly infected with viruses are still possible, through contamination by touch. However, this is likely to happen only a short time after infection from diseased person, because of the relatively low stability of the coronavirus in the environment.

– How can I protect myself from infection with the virus through food;

With the data so far, the virus is not transmitted to humans through contaminated food, but must comply with the general daily hygiene, such as frequent hand washing with soap, and hygiene when handling food. Since viruses are sensitive to heat, contamination can also be further reduced by heating food.

– Can the new type of SARS-CoV-2 can spread by dishes and cutlery in restaurants or other catering places;

The coronavirus can generally contaminate the cutlery or dishes, as obviously other surfaces, through sneezing or coughing by infected person directly over them, and can survive in these solid surfaces for some time. An epidermal contamination theoretically could be possible if the virus spread through the cutlery or fingers in the oral mucosa, throat or eyes. However, no infection has been known to SARS-CoV-2 via this transmission route and therefore transmission by this route is considered hitherto impossible.

– The virus becomes inactive with hand washing or dishwasher;

Like all encapsulated viruses in which the genetic material is coated by a layer of fat, so the coronavirus is sensitive to substances that dissolve fat, such as alcohols or surface active agents, contained in soaps and dishwashing detergents. These substances are liable to damage the surface of the virus and render the virus inactive. This applies particularly if the plates are washed and dried in a dishwasher at 60 degrees Celsius or higher.

– Require special preventive measures on the dishes or cutlery in care facilities for the elderly;

All usual measures and rules of conduct for protection nor or flu viruses in elderly care facilities, assist in the transmission of COVID-19.

– I can be infected by SARS-CoV-2 through infected frozen food;

So far there are no signs of infection through food consumption, including frozen food. In any case absolutely must comply with the general rules of hygiene when preparing food.

– How can I protect myself when I go to the supermarket;

A key way to prevent the spread of the virus is to respect the distance 2 meters away from other people. Generally the coronavirus is transmitted from person to person through droplets from infected persons sneeze, cough or exhale. such a “social distancing” It is the main strategy in any situation outside the house.

Other ideas:

Go shopping when there is not much traffic.

Take antiseptic with you. Use it to wipe your hands and the basket before and after the shop.

Use a credit or debit card. also, Use your own pen to sign receipts.

Just came home thoroughly wash your hands and kitchen surfaces used.

– The meat products are infected by the coronavirus;

There are no reports of human diseases suggest that COVID-19 can be transmitted through food or food packaging. However, it is always important to follow good hygiene practices (ie frequently wash hands and surfaces, To differentiate raw meat from other foods, cooking at the right temperature and refrigerate foods quickly) when handling or preparing food.

– Should I eat fruit and vegetables;

The simple answer is YES. There are as yet no evidence to suggest that humans can become ill from eating fruits and vegetables, although the virus can be found in these infected if a person is sick. Therefore, it proposed to do is to observe the elementary rules of hygiene. If someone wants to be more finicky:

Because the SARS-CoV-2 comes from a family of viruses possibly deactivated by soap and lukewarm water, washing your fruits and vegetables with soap and water should eliminate any live virus. As already noted, It has not observed the disease transmission through food consumption, including fruit and vegetables.

– Wash and packaging;

You could use dishwashing soap in plastic, glass and metal. Virus transmission by this route has not been observed. If this is not practical, wash your hands after removing all packaging, including cartons and containers. End, wash your hands, the counter and other surfaces that you touch. Do this after you have saved adequate food.

– I can strengthen my immune system through my diet;

Simply put, you can not "strengthen" your immune system through diet and no particular food or food supplement should not stop you get infected by SARS-CoV-2 or encounter the virus if noseite. Good hygiene practice remains the best means of avoiding infection.

Until today, The European Authority for Food Safety has not approved any health claim for a food or food ingredient that marked that protects against infection.

There are many nutrients involved in normal immune function, so as to encourage the maintenance of a balanced diet to support immune function (They include copper, folic acid, iron, selenium, zinc and vitamin A., B6, B12, C and D). We do not recommend any food in relation to the other, but encourage the variety of food consumption to maintain a balanced diet.

– A worker in the food / farm processing unit is positive for SARS-CoV-2. What steps should I take to make sure that the food they produce is safe;

The coronaviruses are generally considered to be transmitted from person to person through droplet respiratory. Presently, there is no evidence to support the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from food. Unlike infectious gastrointestinal viruses, such as norovirus and hepatitis A often cause infection in humans from contaminated food, ο SARS-2, It is a virus that causes mainly respiratory problems. Exposure to food in this virus is not known as a transmission route.

While the primary responsibility in this case is to take appropriate measures to protect workers and other persons who may come into contact with the sick employee, facilities should redouble their cleaning and sanitation efforts to control any potential risks associated with employees

food produced in the plant must be withdrawn during the employee may broadcast the virus while working;

It is not expected that food needs to be recalled or withdrawn from the market because of the SARS-CoV-2, as currently, there is no evidence to support that transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is associated with food or food packaging.

– If a worker in the food processing plant has been found positive for SARS-CoV-2 should be closed facility; If yes, for how long;

These decisions were not based on food safety, but the risk to public health, said transmission of the virus from person to person.

– Compared to the SARS-CoV-2, that can be managed self-service buffet (self-service) like. salad bars to retail;

There is no evidence to support that transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is associated with food or food packaging.

There is a possibility someone can be infected by SARS-CoV-2 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching the mouth, nose or eyes, but this is not considered the main mode of HIV transmission. The coronavirus is mainly transmitted from one person to another through droplets breathed. However, it is always important to follow the 4 basic steps to food safety – purifying, demarcation, Cooking and cooling – to prevent food poisoning.

As an additional precaution to prevent the transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 through contact with infested surface, It recommends frequent washing and disinfection of all surfaces and utensils that come into contact with food. Employees in focus should also be frequently wash their hands and change gloves before and after preparing food, including frequent cleaning and disinfection of stalls preparation and containers. Consumers should wash their hands after using the serving utensils and not catch their face with their hands.

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